Complex problem-solving competency (2012)
Besides student performance in mathematics, reading and science, the 2012 PISA study also examined the competency of 15-year-olds in the domain of complex problem-solving.
Complex problem-solving competency is defined as the capacity to engage in cognitive processing to understand and resolve problem situations where a method of solution is not immediately obvious. It includes the students’ willingness to engage with such situations in order to achieve their potential as constructive and reflective citizens. In the survey, exercises simulate problematic situations drawn from real life, such as dealing with an unfamiliar ticket vending machine or an electronic device that does not work properly, in order to assess the students’ general capacity for conclusion-drawing, for structuring the problem-solving process and their willingness to do so.